0.11.0 (2021-04-12)

  • Refactored, standardized, and extended several areas of functionality

    • text preprocessing (textacy.preprocessing)

      • Added functions for normalizing bullet points in lists (normalize.bullet_points()), removing HTML tags (remove.html_tags()), and removing bracketed contents such as in-line citations (remove.brackets()).

      • Added make_pipeline() function for combining multiple preprocessors applied sequentially to input text into a single callable.

      • Renamed functions for flexibility and clarity of use; in most cases, this entails replacing an underscore with a period, e.g. preprocessing.normalize_whitespace() => preprocessing.normalize.whitespace().

      • Renamed and standardized some funcs’ args; for example, all “replace” functions had their (optional) second argument renamed from replace_with => repl, and remove.punctuation(text, marks=".?!") => remove.punctuation(text, only=[".", "?", "!"]).

    • structured information extraction (textacy.extract)

      • Consolidated and restructured functionality previously spread across the and modules and ke subpackage. For the latter two, imports have changed:

        • from textacy import ke; ke.textrank() => from textacy import extract; extract.keyterms.textrank()

        • from textacy import text_utils; text_utils.keywords_in_context() => from textacy import extract; extract.keywords_in_context()

      • Added new extraction functions:

        • extract.regex_matches(): For matching regex patterns in a document’s text that cross spaCy token boundaries, with various options for aligning matches back to tokens.

        • extract.acronyms(): For extracting acronym-like tokens, without looking around for related definitions.

        • extract.terms(): For flexibly combining n-grams, entities, and noun chunks into a single collection, with optional deduplication.

      • Improved the generality and quality of extracted “triples” such as Subject-Verb-Objects, and changed the structure of returned objects accordingly. Previously, only contiguous spans were permitted for each element, but this was overly restrictive: A sentence like “I did not really like the movie.” would produce an SVO of ("I", "like", "movie") which is… misleading. The new approach uses lists of tokens that need not be adjacent; in this case, it produces (["I"], ["did", "not", "like"], ["movie"]). For convenience, triple results are all named tuples, so elements may be accessed by name or index (e.g. svo.subject == svo[0]).

      • Changed extract.keywords_in_context() to always yield results, with optional padding of contexts, leaving printing of contexts up to users; also extended it to accept Doc or str objects as input.

      • Removed deprecated extract.pos_regex_matches() function, which is superseded by the more powerful extract.token_matches().

    • string and sequence similarity metrics (textacy.similarity)

      • Refactored top-level module into a subpackage, with metrics split out into categories: edit-, token-, and sequence-based approaches, as well as hybrid metrics.

      • Added several similarity metrics:

        • edit-based Jaro (similarity.jaro())

        • token-based Cosine (similarity.cosine()), Bag (similarity.bag()), and Tversky (similarity.tvserky())

        • sequence-based Matching Subsequences Ratio (similarity.matching_subsequences_ratio())

        • hybrid Monge-Elkan (similarity.monge_elkan())

      • Removed a couple similarity metrics: Word Movers Distance relied on a troublesome external dependency, and Word2Vec+Cosine is available in spaCy via Doc.similarity.

    • network- and vector-based document representations (textacy.representations)

      • Consolidated and reworked networks functionality in module

        • Added build_cooccurrence_network() function to represent a sequence of strings (or a sequence of such sequences) as a graph with nodes for each unique string and edges to other strings that co-occurred.

        • Added build_similarity_network() function to represent a sequence of strings (or a sequence of such sequences) as a graph with nodes as top-level elements and edges to all others weighted by pairwise similarity.

        • Removed obsolete module and duplicative module.

      • Refined vectorizer initialization, and moved from vsm.vectorizers to representations.vectorizers module.

        • For both Vectorizer and GroupVectorizer, applying global inverse document frequency weights is now handled by a single arg: idf_type: Optional[str], rather than a combination of apply_idf: bool, idf_type: str; similarly, applying document-length weight normalizations is handled by dl_type: Optional[str] instead of apply_dl: bool, dl_type: str

      • Added representations.sparse_vec module for higher-level access to document vectorization via build_doc_term_matrix() and build_grp_term_matrix() functions, for cases when a single fit+transform is all you need.

    • automatic language identification (textacy.lang_id)

      • Moved functionality from module into a subpackage, and added the primary user interface (identify_lang() and identify_topn_langs()) as package-level imports.

      • Implemented and trained a more accurate thinc-based language identification model that’s closer to the original CLD3 inspiration, replacing the simpler sklearn-based pipeline.

  • Updated interface with spaCy for v3, and better leveraged the new functionality

    • Restricted textacy.load_spacy_lang() to only accept full spaCy language pipeline names or paths, in accordance with v3’s removal of pipeline aliases and general tightening-up on this front. Unfortunately, textacy can no longer play fast and loose with automatic language identification => pipeline loading…

    • Extended textacy.make_spacy_doc() to accept a chunk_size arg that splits input text into chunks, processes each individually, then joins them into a single Doc; supersedes spacier.utils.make_doc_from_text_chunks(), which is now deprecated.

    • Moved core Doc extensions into a top-level module, and improved/streamlined the collection

      • Refactored and improved performance of Doc._.to_bag_of_words() and Doc._.to_bag_of_terms(), leveraging related functionality in extract.words() and extract.terms()

      • Removed redundant/awkward extensions:

        • Doc._.lang => use Doc.lang_

        • Doc._.tokens => use iter(Doc)

        • Doc._.n_tokens => len(Doc)

        • Doc._.to_terms_list() => extract.terms(doc) or Doc._.extract_terms()

        • Doc._.to_tagged_text() => NA, this was an old holdover that’s not used in practice anymore

        • Doc._.to_semantic_network() => NA, use a function in textacy.representations.networks

    • Added Doc extensions for textacy.extract functions (see above for details), with most functions having direct analogues; for example, to extract acronyms, use either textacy.extract.acronyms(doc) or doc._.extract_acronyms(). Keyterm extraction functions share a single extension: textacy.extract.keyterms.textrank(doc) <> doc._.extract_keyterms(method="textrank")

    • Leveraged spaCy’s new DocBin for efficiently saving/loading Docs in binary format, with corresponding arg changes in io.write_spacy_docs() and

  • Improved package documentation, tests, dependencies, and type annotations

    • Added two beginner-oriented tutorials to documentation, showing how to use various aspects of the package in the context of specific tasks.

    • Reorganized API reference docs to put like functionality together and more consistently provide summary tables up top

    • Updated dependencies list and package versions

      • Removed: pyemd and srsly

      • Un-capped max versions: numpy and scikit-learn

      • Bumped min versions: cytoolz, jellyfish, matplotlib, pyphen, and spacy (v3.0+ only!)

    • Bumped min Python version from 3.6 => 3.7, and added PY3.9 support

    • Removed textacy.export module, which had functions for exporting spaCy docs into other external formats; this was a soft dependency on gensim and CONLL-U that wasn’t enforced or guaranteed, so better to remove.

    • Added module for shared types, and used them everywhere. Also added/fixed type annotations throughout the code base.

    • Improved, added, and parametrized literally hundreds of tests.


Many thanks to @timgates42, @datanizing, @8W9aG, @0x2b3bfa0, and @gryBox for submitting PRs, either merged or used as inspiration for my own rework-in-progress.

0.10.1 (2020-08-29)

New and Changed:

  • Expanded text statistics and refactored into a sub-package (PR #307)

    • Refactored text_stats module into a sub-package with the same name and top-level API, but restructured under the hood for better consistency

    • Improved performance, API, and documentation on the main TextStats class, and improved documentation on many of the individual stats functions

    • Added new readability tests for texts in Arabic (Automated Arabic Readability Index), Spanish (µ-legibility and perspecuity index), and Turkish (a lang-specific formulation of Flesch Reading Ease)

    • Breaking change: Removed TextStats.basic_counts and TextStats.readability_stats attributes, since typically only one or a couple needed for a given use case; also, some of the readability tests are language-specific, which meant bad results could get mixed in with good ones

  • Improved and standardized some code quality and performance (PR #305, #306)

    • Standardized error messages via top-level module

    • Replaced str.format() with f-strings (almost) everywhere, for performance and readability

    • Fixed a whole mess of linting errors, significantly improving code quality and consistency

  • Improved package configuration, and maintenance (PRs #298, #305, #306)

    • Added automated GitHub workflows for building and testing the package, linting and formatting, publishing new releases to PyPi, and building documentation (and ripped out Travis CI)

    • Added a makefile with common commands for dev work, plus instructions

    • Adopted the new pyproject.toml package configuration standard; updated and streamlined and setup.cfg accordingly; and removed requirements.txt

    • Moved all source code into a /src directory, for technical reasons

    • Added mypy-specific config file to reduce output noisiness when type-checking

  • Improved and moved package documentation (PR #309)

    • Moved the docs site back to ReadTheDocs (! Pardon the years-long detour into GitHub Pages…

    • Enabled markdown-based documentation using recommonmark instead of m2r, and migrated all “narrative” docs from .rst to equivalent .md files

    • Added auto-generated summary tables to many sections of the API Reference, to help users get an overview of functionality and better find what they’re looking for; also added auto-generated section heading references

    • Tidied up and further standardized docstrings throughout the code

  • Kept up with the Python ecosystem

    • Trained a v1.1 language identifier model using scikit-learn==0.23.0, and bumped the upper bound on that dependency’s version accordingly

    • Updated and parametrized many tests using modern pytest functionality (PR #306)

    • Got textacy versions 0.9.1 and 0.10.0 up on conda-forge (Issue #294)

    • Added spectral seriation as a term-ordering technique when making a “Termite” visualization by taking advantage of pandas.DataFrame functionality, and otherwise tidied up the default for nice-looking plots (PR #295)


  • Corrected an incorrect and misleading reference in the quickstart docs (Issue #300, PR #302)

  • Fixed a bug in the delete_words() augmentation transform (Issue #308)


Special thanks to @tbsexton, @marius-mather, and @rmax for their contributions! 💐

0.10.0 (2020-03-01)


  • Added a logo to textacy’s documentation and social preview :page_with_curl:

  • Added type hints throughout the code base, for more expressive type indicators in docstrings and for static type checkers used by developers to code more effectively (PR #289)

  • Added a preprocessing function to normalize sequences of repeating characters (Issue #275)


  • Improved core Corpus functionality using recent additions to spacy (PR #285)

    • Re-implemented and Corpus.load() using spacy’s new DocBin class, which resolved a few bugs/issues (Issue #254)

    • Added n_process arg to Corpus.add() to set the number of parallel processes used when adding many items to a corpus, following spacy’s updates to nlp.pipe() (Issue #277)

    • Bumped minimum spaCy version from 2.0.12 => 2.2.0, accordingly

  • Added handling for zero-width whitespaces into normalize_whitespace() function (Issue #278)

  • Improved a couple rough spots in package administration:

    • Moved package setup information into a declarative configuration file, in an attempt to keep up with evolving best practices for Python packaging

    • Simplified the configuration and interoperability of sphinx + github pages for generating package documentation


  • Fixed typo in ConceptNet docstring (Issue #280)

  • Trained and distributed a LangIdentifier model using scikit-learn==0.22, to prevent ambiguous errors when trying to load a file that didn’t exist (Issues #291, #292)

0.9.1 (2019-09-03)


  • Tweaked TopicModel class to work with newer versions of scikit-learn, and updated version requirements accordingly from >=0.18.0,<0.21.0 to >=0.19


  • Fixed residual bugs in the script for training language identification pipelines, then trained and released one using scikit-learn==0.19 to prevent errors for users on that version

0.9.0 (2019-09-03)

Note: textacy is now PY3-only! 🎉 Specifically, support for PY2.7 has been dropped, and the minimum PY3 version has been bumped to 3.6 (PR #261). See below for related changes.


  • Added augmentation subpackage for basic text data augmentation (PR #268, #269)

    • implemented several transformer functions for substituting, inserting, swapping, and deleting elements of text at both the word- and character-level

    • implemented an Augmenter class for combining multiple transforms and applying them to spaCy Docs in a randomized but configurable manner

    • Note: This API is provisional, and subject to change in future releases.

  • Added resources subpackage for standardized access to linguistic resources (PR #265)

    • DepecheMood++: high-coverage emotion lexicons for understanding the emotions evoked by a text. Updated from a previous version, and now features better English data and Italian data with expanded, consistent functionality.

      • removed module with previous implementation

    • ConceptNet: multilingual knowledge base for representing relationships between words, similar to WordNet. Currently supports getting word antonyms, hyponyms, meronyms, and synonyms in dozens of languages.

  • Added UDHR dataset, a collection of translations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (PR #271)


  • Updated and extended functionality previously blocked by PY2 compatibility while reducing code bloat / complexity

    • made many args keyword-only, to prevent user error

    • args accepting strings for directory / file paths now also accept pathlib.Path objects, with pathlib adopted widely under the hood

    • increased minimum versions and/or uncapped maximum versions of several dependencies, including jellyfish, networkx, and numpy

  • Added a Portuguese-specific formulation of Flesch Reading Ease score to text_stats (PR #263)

  • Reorganized and grouped together some like functionality

    • moved core functionality for loading spaCy langs and making spaCy docs into spacier.core, out of and

    • moved some general-purpose functionality from dataset.utils to io.utils and

    • moved function for loading “hyphenator” out of and into, where it’s used

  • Re-trained and released language identification pipelines using a better mix of training data, for slightly improved performance; also added the script used to train the pipeline

  • Changed API Reference docs to show items in source code rather than alphabetical order, which should make the ordering more human-friendly

  • Updated repo README and PyPi metadata to be more consistent and representative of current functionality

  • Removed previously deprecated function


  • Fixed a regex for cleaning up crufty terms to prevent catastrophic backtracking in certain edge cases (true story: this bug was encountered in production code, and ruined my day)

  • Fixed bad handling of edge cases in sCAKE keyterm extraction (Issue #270)

  • Changed order in which URL regexes are applied in preprocessing.replace_urls() to properly handle certain edge case URLs (Issue #267)


Thanks much to @hugoabonizio for the contribution. 🤝

0.8.0 (2019-07-14)

New and Changed:

  • Refactored and expanded text preprocessing functionality (PR #253)

    • Moved code from a top-level preprocess module into a preprocessing sub-package, and reorganized it in the process

    • Added new functions:

      • replace_hashtags() to replace hashtags like #FollowFriday or #spacyIRL2019 with _TAG_

      • replace_user_handles() to replace user handles like @bjdewilde or @spacy_io with _USER_

      • replace_emojis() to replace emoji symbols like 😉 or 🚀 with _EMOJI_

      • normalize_hyphenated_words() to join hyphenated words back together, like antici-  pation => anticipation

      • normalize_quotation_marks() to replace “fancy” quotation marks with simple ascii equivalents, like “the god particle” => "the god particle"

    • Changed a couple functions for clarity and consistency:

      • replace_currency_symbols() now replaces all dedicated ascii and unicode currency symbols with _CUR_, rather than just a subset thereof, and no longer provides for replacement with the corresponding currency code (like => EUR)

      • remove_punct() now has a fast (bool) kwarg rather than method (str)

    • Removed normalize_contractions(), preprocess_text(), and fix_bad_unicode() functions, since they were bad/awkward and more trouble than they were worth

  • Refactored and expanded keyterm extraction functionality (PR #257)

    • Moved code from a top-level keyterms module into a ke sub-package, and cleaned it up / standardized arg names / better shared functionality in the process

    • Added new unsupervised keyterm extraction algorithms: YAKE (ke.yake()), sCAKE (ke.scake()), and PositionRank (ke.textrank(), with non-default parameter values)

    • Added new methods for selecting candidate keyterms: longest matching subsequence candidates (ke.utils.get_longest_subsequence_candidates()) and pattern-matching candidates (ke.utils.get_pattern_matching_candidates())

    • Improved speed of SGRank implementation, and generally optimized much of the code

  • Improved document similarity functionality (PR #256)

    • Added a character ngram-based similarity measure (similarity.character_ngrams()), for something that’s useful in different contexts than the other measures

    • Removed Jaro-Winkler string similarity measure (similarity.jaro_winkler()), since it didn’t add much beyond other measures

    • Improved speed of Token Sort Ratio implementation

    • Replaced python-levenshtein dependency with jellyfish, for its active development, better documentation, and actually-compliant license

  • Added customizability to certain functionality

    • Added options to Doc._.to_bag_of_words() and Corpus.word_counts() for filtering out stop words, punctuation, and/or numbers (PR #249)

    • Allowed for objects that look like sklearn-style topic modeling classes to be passed into tm.TopicModel() (PR #248)

    • Added options to customize rc params used by matplotlib when drawing a “termite” plot in viz.draw_termite_plot() (PR #248)

  • Removed deprecated functions with direct replacements: io.utils.get_filenames() and spacier.components.merge_entities()


Huge thanks to @kjoshi and @zf109 for the PRs! 🙌

0.7.1 (2019-06-25)


  • Added a default, built-in language identification classifier that’s moderately fast, moderately accurate, and covers a relatively large number of languages [PR #247]

    • Implemented a Google CLD3-inspired model in scikit-learn and trained it on ~1.5M texts in ~130 different languages spanning a wide variety of subject matter and stylistic formality; overall, speed and performance compare favorably to other open-source options (langid, langdetect, cld2-cffi, and cld3)

    • Dropped cld2-cffi dependency [Issue #246]

  • Added extract.matches() function to extract spans from a document matching one or more pattern of per-token (attribute, value) pairs, with optional quantity qualifiers; this is a convenient interface to spaCy’s rule-based Matcher and a more powerful replacement for textacy’s existing (now deprecated) extract.pos_regex_matches()

  • Added preprocess.normalize_unicode() function to transform unicode characters into their canonical forms; this is a less-intensive consolation prize for the previously-removed fix_unicode() function


  • Enabled loading blank spaCy Language pipelines (tokenization only – no model-based tagging, parsing, etc.) via load_spacy_lang(name, allow_blank=True) for use cases that don’t rely on annotations; disabled by default to avoid unwelcome surprises

  • Changed inclusion/exclusion and de-duplication of entities and ngrams in to_terms_list() [Issues #169, #179]

    • entities = True => include entities, and drop exact duplicate ngrams

    • entities = False => don’t include entities, and also drop exact duplicate ngrams

    • entities = None => use ngrams as-is without checking against entities

  • Moved to_collection() function from the datasets.utils module to the top-level utils module, for use throughout the code base

  • Added quoting option to io.read_csv() and io.write_csv(), for problematic cases

  • Deprecated the spacier.components.merge_entities() pipeline component, an implementation of which has since been added into spaCy itself

  • Updated documentation for developer convenience and reader clarity

    • Split API reference docs into related chunks, rather than having them all together in one long page, and tidied up headers

    • Fixed errors / inconsistencies in various docstrings (a never-ending struggle…)

    • Ported package readme and changelog from .rst to .md format


  • The NotImplementedError previously added to preprocess.fix_unicode() is now raised rather than returned [Issue #243]

0.7.0 (2019-05-13)

New and Changed:

  • Removed textacy.Doc, and split its functionality into two parts

    • New: Added textacy.make_spacy_doc() as a convenient and flexible entry point for making spaCy Doc s from text or (text, metadata) pairs, with optional spaCy language pipeline specification. It’s similar to textacy.Doc.__init__, with the exception that text and metadata are passed in together as a 2-tuple.

    • New: Added a variety of custom doc property and method extensions to the global spacy.tokens.Doc class, accessible via its Doc._ “underscore” property. These are similar to the properties/methods on textacy.Doc, they just require an interstitial underscore. For example, textacy.Doc.to_bag_of_words() => spacy.tokens.Doc._.to_bag_of_words().

    • New: Added functions for setting, getting, and removing these extensions. Note that they are set automatically when textacy is imported.

  • Simplified and improved performance of textacy.Corpus

    • Documents are now added through a simpler API, either in Corpus.__init__ or Corpus.add(); they may be one or a stream of texts, (text, metadata) pairs, or existing spaCy Doc s. When adding many documents, the spaCy language processing pipeline is used in a faster and more efficient way.

    • Saving / loading corpus data to disk is now more efficient and robust.

    • Note: Corpus is now a collection of spaCy Doc s rather than textacy.Doc s.

  • Simplified, standardized, and added Dataset functionality

    • New: Added an IMDB dataset, built on the classic 2011 dataset commonly used to train sentiment analysis models.

    • New: Added a base Wikimedia dataset, from which a reworked Wikipedia dataset and a separate Wikinews dataset inherit. The underlying data source has changed, from XML db dumps of raw wiki markup to JSON db dumps of (relatively) clean text and metadata; now, the code is simpler, faster, and totally language-agnostic.

    • Dataset.records() now streams (text, metadata) pairs rather than a dict containing both text and metadata, so users don’t need to know field names and split them into separate streams before creating Doc or Corpus objects from the data.

    • Filtering and limiting the number of texts/records produced is now clearer and more consistent between .texts() and .records() methods on a given Dataset — and more performant!

    • Downloading datasets now always shows progress bars and saves to the same file names. When appropriate, downloaded archive files’ contents are automatically extracted for easy inspection.

    • Common functionality (such as validating filter values) is now standardized and consolidated in the datasets.utils module.

  • Quality of life improvements

    • Reduced load time for import textacy from ~2-3 seconds to ~1 second, by lazy-loading expensive variables, deferring a couple heavy imports, and dropping a couple dependencies. Specifically:

      • ftfy was dropped, and a NotImplementedError is now raised in textacy’s wrapper function, textacy.preprocess.fix_bad_unicode(). Users with bad unicode should now directly call ftfy.fix_text().

      • ijson was dropped, and the behavior of textacy.read_json() is now simpler and consistent with other functions for line-delimited data.

      • mwparserfromhell was dropped, since the reworked Wikipedia dataset no longer requires complicated and slow parsing of wiki markup.

    • Renamed certain functions and variables for clarity, and for consistency with existing conventions:

      • textacy.load_spacy() => textacy.load_spacy_lang()

      • textacy.extract.named_entities() => textacy.extract.entities()

      • textacy.data_dir => textacy.DEFAULT_DATA_DIR

      • filename => filepath and dirname => dirpath when specifying full paths to files/dirs on disk, and => accordingly

      • compiled regular expressions now consistently start with RE_

      • SpacyDoc => Doc, SpacySpan => Span, SpacyToken => Token, SpacyLang => Language as variables and in docs

    • Removed deprecated functionality

      • top-level and are gone; use equivalent functionality in the spacier subpackage instead

      • is gone; it was long neglected, and never actually used

    • Replaced textacy.compat.bytes_to_unicode() and textacy.compat.unicode_to_bytes() with textacy.compat.to_unicode() and textacy.compat.to_bytes(), which are safer and accept either binary or text strings as input.

    • Moved and renamed language detection functionality, textacy.text_utils.detect_language() => textacy.lang_utils.detect_lang(). The idea is to add more/better lang-related functionality here in the future.

    • Updated and cleaned up documentation throughout the code base.

    • Added and refactored many tests, for both new and old functionality, significantly increasing test coverage while significantly reducing run-time. Also, added a proper coverage report to CI builds. This should help prevent future errors and inspire better test-writing.

    • Bumped the minimum required spaCy version: v2.0.0 => v2.0.12, for access to their full set of custom extension functionality.


  • The progress bar during an HTTP download now always closes, preventing weird nesting issues if another bar is subsequently displayed.

  • Filtering datasets by multiple values performed either a logical AND or OR over the values, which was confusing; now, a logical OR is always performed.

  • The existence of files/directories on disk is now checked properly via os.path.isfile() or os.path.isdir(), rather than os.path.exists().

  • Fixed a variety of formatting errors raised by sphinx when generating HTML docs.

0.6.3 (2019-03-23)


  • Added a proper contributing guide and code of conduct, as well as separate GitHub issue templates for different user situations. This should help folks contribute to the project more effectively, and make maintaining it a bit easier, too. [Issue #212]

  • Gave the documentation a new look, using a template popularized by requests. Added documentation on dealing with multi-lingual datasets. [Issue #233]

  • Made some minor adjustments to package dependencies, the way they’re specified, and the Travis CI setup, making for a faster and better development experience.

  • Confirmed and enabled compatibility with v2.1+ of spacy. :dizzy:


  • Improved the Wikipedia dataset class in a variety of ways: it can now read Wikinews db dumps; access records in namespaces other than the usual “0” (such as category pages in namespace “14”); parse and extract category pages in several languages, including in the case of bad wiki markup; and filter out section headings from the accompanying text via an include_headings kwarg. [PR #219, #220, #223, #224, #231]

  • Removed the transliterate_unicode() preprocessing function that transliterated non-ascii text into a reasonable ascii approximation, for technical and philosophical reasons. Also removed its GPL-licensed unidecode dependency, for legal-ish reasons. [Issue #203]

  • Added convention-abiding exclude argument to the function that writes spacy docs to disk, to limit which pipeline annotations are serialized. Replaced the existing but non-standard include_tensor arg.

  • Deprecated the n_threads argument in Corpus.add_texts(), which had not been working in spacy.pipe for some time and, as of v2.1, is defunct.

  • Made many tests model- and python-version agnostic and thus less likely to break when spacy releases new and improved models.

  • Auto-formatted the entire code base using black; the results aren’t always more readable, but they are pleasingly consistent.


  • Fixed bad behavior of key_terms_from_semantic_network(), where an error would be raised if no suitable key terms could be found; now, an empty list is returned instead. [Issue #211]

  • Fixed variable name typo so actually works. [Issue #215]

  • Fixed a minor typo in the quick-start docs. [PR #217]

  • Check for and filter out any named entities that are entirely whitespace, seemingly caused by an issue in spacy.

  • Fixed an undefined variable error when merging spans. [Issue #225]

  • Fixed a unicode/bytes issue in experimental function for deserializing spacy docs in “binary” format. [Issue #228, PR #229]


Many thanks to @abevieiramota, @ckot, @Jude188, and @digest0r for their help!

0.6.2 (2018-07-19)


  • Add a spacier.util module, and add / reorganize relevant functionality

    • move (most) spacy_util functions here, and add a deprecation warning to the spacy_util module

    • rename normalized_str() => get_normalized_text(), for consistency and clarity

    • add a function to split long texts up into chunks but combine them into a single Doc. This is a workaround for a current limitation of spaCy’s neural models, whose RAM usage scales with the length of input text.

  • Add experimental support for reading and writing spaCy docs in binary format, where multiple docs are contained in a single file. This functionality was supported by spaCy v1, but is not in spaCy v2; I’ve implemented a workaround that should work well in most situations, but YMMV.

  • Package documentation is now “officially” hosted on GitHub pages. The docs are automatically built on and deployed from Travis via doctr, so they stay up-to-date with the master branch on GitHub. Maybe someday I’ll get ReadTheDocs to successfully build textacy once again…

  • Minor improvements/updates to documentation


  • Add missing return statement in deprecated text_stats.flesch_readability_ease() function (Issue #191)

  • Catch an empty graph error in bestcoverage-style keyterm ranking (Issue #196)

  • Fix mishandling when specifying a single named entity type to in/exclude in extract.named_entities (Issue #202)

  • Make networkx usage in keyterms module compatible with v1.11+ (Issue #199)

0.6.1 (2018-04-11)


  • Add a new spacier sub-package for spaCy-oriented functionality (#168, #187)

    • Thus far, this includes a components module with two custom spaCy pipeline components: one to compute text stats on parsed documents, and another to merge named entities into single tokens in an efficient manner. More to come!

    • Similar functionality in the top-level spacy_pipelines module has been deprecated; it will be removed in v0.7.0.


  • Update the readme, usage, and API reference docs to be clearer and (I hope) more useful. (#186)

  • Removing punctuation from a text via the preprocessing module now replaces punctuation marks with a single space rather than an empty string. This gives better behavior in many situations; for example, “won’t” => “won t” rather than “wont”, the latter of which is a valid word with a different meaning.

  • Categories are now correctly extracted from non-English language Wikipedia datasets, starting with French and German and extendable to others. (#175)

  • Log progress when adding documents to a corpus. At the debug level, every doc’s addition is logged; at the info level, only one message per batch of documents is logged. (#183)


  • Fix two breaking typos in extract.direct_quotations(). (issue #177)

  • Prevent crashes when adding non-parsed documents to a Corpus. (#180)

  • Fix bugs in keyterms.most_discriminating_terms() that used vsm functionality as it was before the changes in v0.6.0. (#189)

  • Fix a breaking typo in vsm.matrix_utils.apply_idf_weighting(), and rename the problematic kwarg for consistency with related functions. (#190)


Big thanks to @sammous, @dixiekong (nice name!), and @SandyRogers for the pull requests, and many more for pointing out various bugs and the rougher edges / unsupported use cases of this package.

0.6.0 (2018-02-25)


  • Rename, refactor, and extend I/O functionality (PR #151)

    • Related read/write functions were moved from and into format-specific modules, and similar functions were consolidated into one with the addition of an arg. For example, write.write_json() and write.write_json_lines() => json.write_json(lines=True|False).

    • Useful functionality was added to a few readers/writers. For example, write_json() now automatically handles python dates/datetimes, writing them to disk as ISO-formatted strings rather than raising a TypeError (“datetime is not JSON serializable”, ugh). CSVs can now be written to / read from disk when each row is a dict rather than a list. Reading/writing HTTP streams now allows for basic authentication.

    • Several things were renamed to improve clarity and consistency from a user’s perspective, most notably the subpackage name: fileio => io. Others: read_file() and write_file() => read_text() and write_text(); split_record_fields() => split_records(), although I kept an alias to the old function for folks; auto_make_dirs boolean kwarg => make_dirs.

    • io.open_sesame() now handles zip files (provided they contain only 1 file) as it already does for gzip, bz2, and lzma files. On a related note, Python 2 users can now open lzma (.xz) files if they’ve installed backports.lzma.

  • Improve, refactor, and extend vector space model functionality (PRs #156 and #167)

    • BM25 term weighting and document-length normalization were implemented, and and users can now flexibly add and customize individual components of an overall weighting scheme (local scaling + global scaling + doc-wise normalization). For API sanity, several additions and changes to the Vectorizer init params were required — sorry bout it!

    • Given all the new weighting possibilities, a Vectorizer.weighting attribute was added for curious users, to give a mathematical representation of how values in a doc-term matrix are being calculated. Here’s a simple and a not-so-simple case:

      >>> Vectorizer(apply_idf=True, idf_type='smooth').weighting
      'tf * log((n_docs + 1) / (df + 1)) + 1'
      >>> Vectorizer(tf_type='bm25', apply_idf=True, idf_type='smooth', apply_dl=True).weighting
      '(tf * (k + 1)) / (tf + k * (1 - b + b * (length / avg(lengths))) * log((n_docs - df + 0.5) / (df + 0.5))'
    • Terms are now sorted alphabetically after fitting, so you’ll have a consistent and interpretable ordering in your vocabulary and doc-term-matrix.

    • A GroupVectorizer class was added, as a child of Vectorizer and an extension of typical document-term matrix vectorization, in which each row vector corresponds to the weighted terms co-occurring in a single document. This allows for customized grouping, such as by a shared author or publication year, that may span multiple documents, without forcing users to merge /concatenate those documents themselves.

    • Lastly, the module was refactored into a vsm subpackage with two modules. Imports should stay the same, but the code structure is now more amenable to future additions.

  • Miscellaneous additions and improvements

    • Flesch Reading Ease in the textstats module is now multi-lingual! Language- specific formulations for German, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch, and Russian were added, in addition to (the default) English. (PR #158, prompted by Issue #155)

    • Runtime performance, as well as docs and error messages, of functions for generating semantic networks from lists of terms or sentences were improved. (PR #163)

    • Labels on named entities from which determiners have been dropped are now preserved. There’s still a minor gotcha, but it’s explained in the docs.

    • The size of textacy’s data cache can now be set via an environment variable, TEXTACY_MAX_CACHE_SIZE, in case the default 2GB cache doesn’t meet your needs.

    • Docstrings were improved in many ways, large and small, throughout the code. May they guide you even more effectively than before!

    • The package version is now set from a single source. This isn’t for you so much as me, but it does prevent confusing version mismatches b/w code, pypi, and docs.

    • All tests have been converted from unittest to pytest style. They run faster, they’re more informative in failure, and they’re easier to extend.


  • Fixed an issue where existing metadata associated with a spacy Doc was being overwritten with an empty dict when using it to initialize a textacy Doc. Users can still overwrite existing metadata, but only if they pass in new data.

  • Added a missing import to the README’s usage example. (#149)

  • The intersphinx mapping to numpy got fixed (and items for scipy and matplotlib were added, too). Taking advantage of that, a bunch of broken object links scattered throughout the docs got fixed.

  • Fixed broken formatting of old entries in the changelog, for your reading pleasure.

0.5.0 (2017-12-04)


  • Bumped version requirement for spaCy from < 2.0 to >= 2.0 — textacy no longer works with spaCy 1.x! It’s worth the upgrade, though. v2.0’s new features and API enabled (or required) a few changes on textacy’s end

    • textacy.load_spacy() takes the same inputs as the new spacy.load(), i.e. a package name string and an optional list of pipes to disable

    • textacy’s Doc metadata and language string are now stored in user_data directly on the spaCy Doc object; although the API from a user’s perspective is unchanged, this made the next change possible

    • Doc and Corpus classes are now de/serialized via pickle into a single file — no more side-car JSON files for metadata! Accordingly, the .save() and .load() methods on both classes have a simpler API: they take a single string specifying the file on disk where data is stored.

  • Cleaned up docs, imports, and tests throughout the entire code base.

    • docstrings and ‘s API reference are easier to read, with better cross-referencing and far fewer broken web links

    • namespaces are less cluttered, and textacy’s source code is easier to follow

    • import textacy takes less than half the time from before

    • the full test suite also runs about twice as fast, and most tests are now more robust to changes in the performance of spaCy’s models

    • consistent adherence to conventions eases users’ cognitive load :)

  • The module responsible for caching loaded data in memory was cleaned up and improved, as well as renamed: from to, which is more descriptive of its purpose. Otherwise, you shouldn’t notice much of a difference besides things working correctly.

    • All loaded data (e.g. spacy language pipelines) is now cached together in a single LRU cache whose max size is set to 2GB, and the size of each element in the cache is now accurately computed. (tl;dr: sys.getsizeof does not work on non-built-in objects like, say, a spacy.tokens.Doc.)

    • Loading and downloading of the DepecheMood resource is now less hacky and weird, and much closer to how users already deal with textacy’s various Dataset s, In fact, it can be downloaded in exactly the same way as the datasets via textacy’s new CLI: $ python -m textacy download depechemood. P.S. A brief guide for using the CLI got added to the README.

  • Several function/method arguments marked for deprecation have been removed. If you’ve been ignoring the warnings that print out when you use lemmatize=True instead of normalize='lemma' (etc.), now is the time to update your calls!

    • Of particular note: The readability_stats() function has been removed; use TextStats(doc).readability_stats instead.


  • In certain situations, the text of a spaCy span was being returned without whitespace between tokens; that has been avoided in textacy, and the source bug in spaCy got fixed (by yours truly!

  • When adding already-parsed Docs to a Corpus, including metadata now correctly overwrites any existing metadata on those docs.

  • Fixed a couple related issues involving the assignment of a 2-letter language string to the .lang attribute of Doc and Corpus objects.

  • textacy’s CLI wasn’t correctly handling certain dataset kwargs in all cases; now, all kwargs get to their intended destinations.

0.4.2 (2017-11-28)


  • Added a CLI for downloading textacy-related data, inspired by the spaCy equivalent. It’s temporarily undocumented, but to see available commands and options, just pass the usual flag: $ python -m textacy --help. Expect more functionality (and docs!) to be added soonish. (#144)

    • Note: The existing methods work as before, and in fact, they are being called under the hood from the command line.


  • Made usage of networkx v2.0-compatible, and therefore dropped the <2.0 version requirement on that dependency. Upgrade as you please! (#131)

  • Improved the regex for identifying phone numbers so that it’s easier to view and interpret its matches. (#128)


  • Fixed caching of counts on textacy.Doc instance-specific, rather than shared by all instances of the class. Oops.

  • Fixed currency symbols regex, so as not to replace all instances of the letter “z” when a custom string is passed into replace_currency_symbols(). (#137)

  • Fixed README usage example, which skipped downloading of dataset data. Btw, see above for another way! (#124)

  • Fixed typo in the API reference, which included the SupremeCourt dataset twice and omitted the RedditComments dataset. (#129)

  • Fixed typo in that prevented it from downloading any data. (#143)


Many thanks to @asifm, @harryhoch, and @mdlynch37 for submitting PRs!

0.4.1 (2017-07-27)


  • Added key classes to the top-level textacy imports, for convenience:

    • textacy.text_stats.TextStats => textacy.TextStats

    • textacy.vsm.Vectorizer => textacy.Vectorizer

    • => textacy.TopicModel

  • Added tests for textacy.Doc and updated the README’s usage example


  • Added explicit encoding when opening Wikipedia database files in text mode to resolve an issue when doing so without encoding on Windows (PR #118)

  • Fixed keyterms.most_discriminating_terms to use the vsm.Vectorizer class rather than the vsm.doc_term_matrix function that it replaced (PR #120)

  • Fixed mishandling of a couple optional args in Doc.to_terms_list


Thanks to @minketeer and @Gregory-Howard for the fixes!

0.4.0 (2017-06-21)

New and Changed:

  • Refactored and expanded built-in corpora, now called datasets (PR #112)

    • The various classes in the old corpora subpackage had a similar but frustratingly not-identical API. Also, some fetched the corresponding dataset automatically, while others required users to do it themselves. Ugh.

    • These classes have been ported over to a new datasets subpackage; they now have a consistent API, consistent features, and consistent documentation. They also have some new functionality, including pain-free downloading of the data and saving it to disk in a stream (so as not to use all your RAM).

    • Also, there’s a new dataset: A collection of 2.7k Creative Commons texts from the Oxford Text Archive, which rounds out the included datasets with English-language, 16th-20th century literary works. (h/t @JonathanReeve)

  • A Vectorizer class to convert tokenized texts into variously weighted document-term matrices (Issue #69, PR #113)

    • This class uses the familiar scikit-learn API (which is also consistent with the class) to convert one or more documents in the form of “term lists” into weighted vectors. An initial set of documents is used to build up the matrix vocabulary (via .fit()), which can then be applied to new documents (via .transform()).

    • It’s similar in concept and usage to sklearn’s CountVectorizer or TfidfVectorizer, but doesn’t convolve the tokenization task as they do. This means users have more flexibility in deciding which terms to vectorize. This class outright replaces the textacy.vsm.doc_term_matrix() function.

  • Customizable automatic language detection for Doc s

    • Although cld2-cffi is fast and accurate, its installation is problematic for some users. Since other language detection libraries are available (e.g. langdetect and langid), it makes sense to let users choose, as needed or desired.

    • First, cld2-cffi is now an optional dependency, i.e. is not installed by default. To install it, do pip install textacy[lang] or (for it and all other optional deps) do pip install textacy[all]. (PR #86)

    • Second, the lang param used to instantiate Doc objects may now be a callable that accepts a unicode string and returns a standard 2-letter language code. This could be a function that uses langdetect under the hood, or a function that always returns “de” – it’s up to users. Note that the default value is now textacy.text_utils.detect_language(), which uses cld2-cffi, so the default behavior is unchanged.

  • Customizable punctuation removal in the preprocessing module (Issue #91)

    • Users can now specify which punctuation marks they wish to remove, rather than always removing all marks.

    • In the case that all marks are removed, however, performance is now 5-10x faster by using Python’s built-in str.translate() method instead of a regular expression.

  • textacy, installable via conda (PR #100)

    • The package has been added to Conda-Forge (here), and installation instructions have been added to the docs. Hurray!

  • textacy, now with helpful badges

    • Builds are now automatically tested via Travis CI, and there’s a badge in the docs showing whether the build passed or not. The days of my ignoring broken tests in master are (probably) over…

    • There are also badges showing the latest releases on GitHub, pypi, and conda-forge (see above).


  • Fixed the check for overlap between named entities and unigrams in the Doc.to_terms_list() method (PR #111)

  • Corpus.add_texts() uses CPU_COUNT - 1 threads by default, rather than always assuming that 4 cores are available (Issue #89)

  • Added a missing coding declaration to a test file, without which tests failed for Python 2 (PR #99)

  • readability_stats() now catches an exception raised on empty documents and logs a message, rather than barfing with an unhelpful ZeroDivisionError. (Issue #88)

  • Added a check for empty terms list in terms_to_semantic_network (Issue #105)

  • Added and standardized module-specific loggers throughout the code base; not a bug per sé, but certainly some much-needed housecleaning

  • Added a note to the docs about expectations for bytes vs. unicode text (PR #103)


Thanks to @henridwyer, @rolando, @pavlin99th, and @kyocum for their contributions! :raised_hands:

0.3.4 (2017-04-17)

New and Changed:

  • Improved and expanded calculation of basic counts and readability statistics in text_stats module.

    • Added a TextStats() class for more convenient, granular access to individual values. See usage docs for more info. When calculating, say, just one readability statistic, performance with this class should be slightly better; if calculating all statistics, performance is worse owing to unavoidable, added overhead in Python for variable lookups. The legacy function text_stats.readability_stats() still exists and behaves as before, but a deprecation warning is displayed.

    • Added functions for calculating Wiener Sachtextformel (PR #77), LIX, and GULPease readability statistics.

    • Added number of long words and number of monosyllabic words to basic counts.

  • Clarified the need for having spacy models installed for most use cases of textacy, in addition to just the spacy package.

    • README updated with comments on this, including links to more extensive spacy documentation. (Issues #66 and #68)

    • Added a function, compat.get_config() that includes information about which (if any) spacy models are installed.

    • Recent changes to spacy, including a warning message, will also make model problems more apparent.

  • Added an ngrams parameter to keyterms.sgrank(), allowing for more flexibility in specifying valid keyterm candidates for the algorithm. (PR #75)

  • Dropped dependency on fuzzywuzzy package, replacing usage of fuzz.token_sort_ratio() with a textacy equivalent in order to avoid license incompatibilities. As a bonus, the new code seems to perform faster! (Issue #62)

    • Note: Outputs are now floats in [0.0, 1.0], consistent with other similarity functions, whereas before outputs were ints in [0, 100]. This has implications for match_threshold values passed to similarity.jaccard(); a warning is displayed and the conversion is performed automatically, for now.

  • A file was added to include docs, tests, and distribution files in the source distribution. This is just good practice. (PR #65)


  • Known acronym-definition pairs are now properly handled in extract.acronyms_and_definitions() (Issue #61)

  • WikiReader no longer crashes on null page element content while parsing (PR #64)

  • Fixed a rare but perfectly legal edge case exception in keyterms.sgrank(), and added a window width sanity check. (Issue #72)

  • Fixed assignment of 2-letter language codes to Doc and Corpus objects when the lang parameter is specified as a full spacy model name.

  • Replaced several leftover print statements with proper logging functions.


Big thanks to @oroszgy, @rolando, @covuworie, and @RolandColored for the pull requests!

0.3.3 (2017-02-10)

New and Changed:

  • Added a consistent normalize param to functions and methods that require token/span text normalization. Typically, it takes one of the following values: ‘lemma’ to lemmatize tokens, ‘lower’ to lowercase tokens, False-y to not normalize tokens, or a function that converts a spacy token or span into a string, in whatever way the user prefers (e.g. spacy_utils.normalized_str()).

    • Functions modified to use this param: Doc.to_bag_of_terms(), Doc.to_bag_of_words(), Doc.to_terms_list(), Doc.to_semantic_network(), Corpus.word_freqs(), Corpus.word_doc_freqs(), keyterms.sgrank(), keyterms.textrank(), keyterms.singlerank(), keyterms.key_terms_from_semantic_network(), network.terms_to_semantic_network(), network.sents_to_semantic_network()

  • Tweaked keyterms.sgrank() for higher quality results and improved internal performance.

  • When getting both n-grams and named entities with Doc.to_terms_list(), filtering out numeric spans for only one is automatically extended to the other. This prevents unexpected behavior, such as passing filter_nums=True but getting numeric named entities back in the terms list.


  • keyterms.sgrank() no longer crashes if a term is missing from idfs mapping. (@jeremybmerrill, issue #53)

  • Proper nouns are no longer excluded from consideration as keyterms in keyterms.sgrank() and keyterms.textrank(). (@jeremybmerrill, issue #53)

  • Empty strings are now excluded from consideration as keyterms — a bug inherited from spaCy. (@mlehl88, issue #58)

0.3.2 (2016-11-15)

New and Changed:

  • Preliminary inclusion of custom spaCy pipelines

    • updated load_spacy() to include explicit path and create_pipeline kwargs, and removed the already-deprecated load_spacy_pipeline() function to avoid confusion around spaCy languages and pipelines

    • added spacy_pipelines module to hold implementations of custom spaCy pipelines, including a basic one that merges entities into single tokens

    • note: necessarily bumped minimum spaCy version to 1.1.0+

    • see the announcement here:

  • To reduce code bloat, made the matplotlib dependency optional and dropped the gensim dependency

    • to install matplotlib at the same time as textacy, do $ pip install textacy[viz]

    • bonus: backports.csv is now only installed for Py2 users

    • thanks to @mbatchkarov for the request

  • Improved performance of textacy.corpora.WikiReader().texts(); results should stream faster and have cleaner plaintext content than when they were produced by gensim. This should also fix a bug reported in Issue #51 by @baisk

  • Added a Corpus.vectors property that returns a matrix of shape (# documents, vector dim) containing the average word2vec-style vector representation of constituent tokens for all Doc s

0.3.1 (2016-10-19)


  • Updated spaCy dependency to the latest v1.0.1; set a floor on other dependencies’ versions to make sure everyone’s running reasonably up-to-date code


  • Fixed incorrect kwarg in sgrank ‘s call to extract.ngrams() (@patcollis34, issue #44)

  • Fixed import for cachetool ‘s hashkey, which changed in the v2.0 (@gramonov, issue #45)

0.3.0 (2016-08-23)

New and Changed:

  • Refactored and streamlined TextDoc; changed name to Doc

    • simplified init params: lang can now be a language code string or an equivalent spacy.Language object, and content is either a string or spacy.Doc; param values and their interactions are better checked for errors and inconsistencies

    • renamed and improved methods transforming the Doc; for example, .as_bag_of_terms() is now .to_bag_of_terms(), and terms can be returned as integer ids (default) or as strings with absolute, relative, or binary frequencies as weights

    • added performant .to_bag_of_words() method, at the cost of less customizability of what gets included in the bag (no stopwords or punctuation); words can be returned as integer ids (default) or as strings with absolute, relative, or binary frequencies as weights

    • removed methods wrapping extract functions, in favor of simply calling that function on the Doc (see below for updates to extract functions to make this more convenient); for example, TextDoc.words() is now extract.words(Doc)

    • removed .term_counts() method, which was redundant with Doc.to_bag_of_terms()

    • renamed .term_count() => .count(), and checking + caching results is now smarter and faster

  • Refactored and streamlined TextCorpus; changed name to Corpus

    • added init params: can now initialize a Corpus with a stream of texts, spacy or textacy Docs, and optional metadatas, analogous to Doc; accordingly, removed .from_texts() class method

    • refactored, streamlined, bug-fixed, and made consistent the process of adding, getting, and removing documents from Corpus

      • getting/removing by index is now equivalent to the built-in list API: Corpus[:5] gets the first 5 Docs, and del Corpus[:5] removes the first 5, automatically keeping track of corpus statistics for total # docs, sents, and tokens

      • getting/removing by boolean function is now done via the .get() and .remove() methods, the latter of which now also correctly tracks corpus stats

      • adding documents is split across the .add_text(), .add_texts(), and .add_doc() methods for performance and clarity reasons

    • added .word_freqs() and .word_doc_freqs() methods for getting a mapping of word (int id or string) to global weight (absolute, relative, binary, or inverse frequency); akin to a vectorized representation (see: textacy.vsm) but in non-vectorized form, which can be useful

    • removed .as_doc_term_matrix() method, which was just wrapping another function; so, instead of corpus.as_doc_term_matrix((doc.as_terms_list() for doc in corpus)), do textacy.vsm.doc_term_matrix((doc.to_terms_list(as_strings=True) for doc in corpus))

  • Updated several extract functions

    • almost all now accept either a textacy.Doc or spacy.Doc as input

    • renamed and improved parameters for filtering for or against certain POS or NE types; for example, good_pos_tags is now include_pos, and will accept either a single POS tag as a string or a set of POS tags to filter for; same goes for exclude_pos, and analogously include_types, and exclude_types

  • Updated corpora classes for consistency and added flexibility

    • enforced a consistent API: .texts() for a stream of plain text documents and .records() for a stream of dicts containing both text and metadata

    • added filtering options for RedditReader, e.g. by date or subreddit, consistent with other corpora (similar tweaks to WikiReader may come later, but it’s slightly more complicated…)

    • added a nicer repr for RedditReader and WikiReader corpora, consistent with other corpora

  • Moved and into the top-level of textacy and thus removed the representations subpackage

    • renamed vsm.build_doc_term_matrix() => vsm.doc_term_matrix(), because the “build” part of it is obvious

  • Renamed =>; all returned values are now similarity metrics in the interval [0, 1], where higher values indicate higher similarity

  • Renamed =>, without additional changes

  • Renamed fileio.utils.split_content_and_metadata() => fileio.utils.split_record_fields(), without further changes (except for tweaks to the docstring)

  • Added functions to read and write delimited file formats: fileio.read_csv() and fileio.write_csv(), where the delimiter can be any valid one-char string; gzip/bzip/lzma compression is handled automatically when available

  • Added better and more consistent docstrings and usage examples throughout the code base

0.2.8 (2016-08-03)


  • Added two new corpora!

    • the CapitolWords corpus: a collection of 11k speeches (~7M tokens) given by the main protagonists of the 2016 U.S. Presidential election that had previously served in the U.S. Congress — including Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Barack Obama, Ted Cruz, and John Kasich — from January 1996 through June 2016

    • the SupremeCourt corpus: a collection of 8.4k court cases (~71M tokens) decided by the U.S. Supreme Court from 1946 through 2016, with metadata on subject matter categories, ideology, and voting patterns

    • DEPRECATED: the Bernie and Hillary corpus, which is a small subset of CapitolWords that can be easily recreated by filtering CapitolWords by speaker_name={'Bernie Sanders', 'Hillary Clinton'}


  • Refactored and improved fileio subpackage

    • moved shared (read/write) functions into separate fileio.utils module

    • almost all read/write functions now use fileio.utils.open_sesame(), enabling seamless fileio for uncompressed or gzip, bz2, and lzma compressed files; relative/user-home-based paths; and missing intermediate directories. NOTE: certain file mode / compression pairs simply don’t work (this is Python’s fault), so users may run into exceptions; in Python 3, you’ll almost always want to use text mode (‘wt’ or ‘rt’), but in Python 2, users can’t read or write compressed files in text mode, only binary mode (‘wb’ or ‘rb’)

    • added options for writing json files (matching stdlib’s json.dump()) that can help save space

    • fileio.utils.get_filenames() now matches for/against a regex pattern rather than just a contained substring; using the old params will now raise a deprecation warning

    • BREAKING: fileio.utils.split_content_and_metadata() now has itemwise=False by default, rather than itemwise=True, which means that splitting multi-document streams of content and metadata into parallel iterators is now the default action

    • added compression param to and .load() to optionally write metadata json file in compressed form

    • moved fileio.write_conll() functionality to export.doc_to_conll(), which converts a spaCy doc into a ConLL-U formatted string; writing that string to disk would require a separate call to fileio.write_file()

  • Cleaned up deprecated/bad Py2/3 compat imports, and added better functionality for Py2/3 strings

    • now compat.unicode_type used for text data, compat.bytes_type for binary data, and compat.string_types for when either will do

    • also added compat.unicode_to_bytes() and compat.bytes_to_unicode() functions, for converting between string types


  • Fixed document(s) removal from TextCorpus objects, including correct decrementing of .n_docs, .n_sents, and .n_tokens attributes (@michelleful #29)

  • Fixed OSError being incorrectly raised in fileio.open_sesame() on missing files

  • lang parameter in TextDoc and TextCorpus can now be unicode or bytes, which was bug-like

0.2.5 (2016-07-14)


  • Added (missing) pyemd and python-levenshtein dependencies to requirements and setup files

  • Fixed bug in data.load_depechemood() arising from the Py2 csv module’s inability to take unicode as input (thanks to @robclewley, issue #25)

0.2.4 (2016-07-14)

New and Changed:

  • New features for TextDoc and TextCorpus classes

    • added .save() methods and .load() classmethods, which allows for fast serialization of parsed documents/corpora and associated metadata to/from disk — with an important caveat: if spacy.Vocab object used to serialize and deserialize is not the same, there will be problems, making this format useful as short-term but not long-term storage

    • TextCorpus may now be instantiated with an already-loaded spaCy pipeline, which may or may not have all models loaded; it can still be instantiated using a language code string (‘en’, ‘de’) to load a spaCy pipeline that includes all models by default

    • TextDoc methods wrapping extract and keyterms functions now have full documentation rather than forwarding users to the wrapped functions themselves; more irritating on the dev side, but much less irritating on the user side :)

  • Added a module containing several document, set, and string distance metrics

    • word movers: document distance as distance between individual words represented by word2vec vectors, normalized

    • “word2vec”: token, span, or document distance as cosine distance between (average) word2vec representations, normalized

    • jaccard: string or set(string) distance as intersection / overlap, normalized, with optional fuzzy-matching across set members

    • hamming: distance between two strings as number of substititions, optionally normalized

    • levenshtein: distance between two strings as number of substitions, deletions, and insertions, optionally normalized (and removed a redundant function from the still-orphaned module)

    • jaro-winkler: distance between two strings with variable prefix weighting, normalized

  • Added most_discriminating_terms() function to keyterms module to take a collection of documents split into two exclusive groups and compute the most discriminating terms for group1-and-not-group2 as well as group2-and-not-group1


  • fixed variable name error in docs usage example (thanks to @licyeus, PR #23)

0.2.3 (2016-06-20)

New and Changed:

  • Added corpora.RedditReader() class for streaming Reddit comments from disk, with .texts() method for a stream of plaintext comments and .comments() method for a stream of structured comments as dicts, with basic filtering by text length and limiting the number of comments returned

  • Refactored functions for streaming Wikipedia articles from disk into a corpora.WikiReader() class, with .texts() method for a stream of plaintext articles and .pages() method for a stream of structured pages as dicts, with basic filtering by text length and limiting the number of pages returned

  • Updated README and docs with a more comprehensive — and correct — usage example; also added tests to ensure it doesn’t get stale

  • Updated requirements to latest version of spaCy, as well as added matplotlib for viz


  • textacy.preprocess.preprocess_text() is now, once again, imported at the top level, so easily reachable via textacy.preprocess_text() (@bretdabaker #14)

  • viz subpackage now included in the docs’ API reference

  • missing dependencies added into so pip install handles everything for folks

0.2.2 (2016-05-05)

New and Changed:

  • Added a viz subpackage, with two types of plots (so far):

    • viz.draw_termite_plot(), typically used to evaluate and interpret topic models; conveniently accessible from the tm.TopicModel class

    • viz.draw_semantic_network() for visualizing networks such as those output by

  • Added a “Bernie & Hillary” corpus with 3000 congressional speeches made by Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton since 1996

    • corpora.fetch_bernie_and_hillary() function automatically downloads to and loads from disk this corpus

  • Modified data.load_depechemood function, now downloads data from GitHub source if not found on disk

  • Removed resources/ directory from GitHub, hence all the downloadin’

  • Updated to spaCy v0.100.7

    • German is now supported! although some functionality is English-only

    • added textacy.load_spacy() function for loading spaCy packages, taking advantage of the new spacy.load() API; added a DeprecationWarning for

    • proper nouns’ and pronouns’ .pos_ attributes are now correctly assigned ‘PROPN’ and ‘PRON’; hence, modified regexes_etc.POS_REGEX_PATTERNS['en'] to include ‘PROPN’

    • modified spacy_utils.preserve_case() to check for language-agnostic ‘PROPN’ POS rather than English-specific ‘NNP’ and ‘NNPS’ tags

  • Added text_utils.clean_terms() function for cleaning up a sequence of single- or multi-word strings by stripping leading/trailing junk chars, handling dangling parens and odd hyphenation, etc.


  • textstats.readability_stats() now correctly gets the number of words in a doc from its generator function (@gryBox #8)

  • removed NLTK dependency, which wasn’t actually required

  • text_utils.detect_language() now warns via logging rather than a print() statement

  • fileio.write_conll() documentation now correctly indicates that the filename param is not optional

0.2.0 (2016-04-11)

New and Changed:

  • Added representations subpackage; includes modules for network and vector space model (VSM) document and corpus representations

    • Document-term matrix creation now takes documents represented as a list of terms (rather than as spaCy Docs); splits the tokenization step from vectorization for added flexibility

    • Some of this functionality was refactored from existing parts of the package

  • Added tm (topic modeling) subpackage, with a main TopicModel class for training, applying, persisting, and interpreting NMF, LDA, and LSA topic models through a single interface

  • Various improvements to TextDoc and TextCorpus classes

    • TextDoc can now be initialized from a spaCy Doc

    • Removed caching from TextDoc, because it was a pain and weird and probably not all that useful

    • extract-based methods are now generators, like the functions they wrap

    • Added .as_semantic_network() and .as_terms_list() methods to TextDoc

    • TextCorpus.from_texts() now takes advantage of multithreading via spaCy, if available, and document metadata can be passed in as a paired iterable of dicts

  • Added read/write functions for sparse scipy matrices

  • Added convenience function for splitting (text) content from associated metadata when reading data from disk into a TextDoc or TextCorpus

  • Renamed to and added functionality for matching/ignoring files by their names, file extensions, and ignoring invisible files

  • Rewrote export.docs_to_gensim(), now significantly faster

  • Imports in files for main and subpackages now explicit


  • textstats.readability_stats() no longer filters out stop words (@henningko #7)

  • Wikipedia article processing now recursively removes nested markup

  • extract.ngrams() now filters out ngrams with any space-only tokens

  • functions with include_nps kwarg changed to include_ncs, to match the renaming of the associated function from extract.noun_phrases() to extract.noun_chunks()

0.1.4 (2016-02-26)


  • Added corpora subpackage with module; functions for streaming pages from a Wikipedia db dump as plain text or structured data

  • Added fileio subpackage with functions for reading/writing content from/to disk in common formats

    • JSON formats, both standard and streaming-friendly

    • text, optionally compressed

    • spacy documents to/from binary

0.1.3 (2016-02-22)


  • Added module for exporting textacy/spacy objects into “third-party” formats; so far, just gensim and conll-u

  • Added module for Py2/3 compatibility hacks

  • Added TextDoc.merge() and spacy_utils.merge_spans() for merging spans into single tokens within a spacy.Doc, uses Spacy’s recent implementation


  • Renamed extract.noun_phrases() to extract.noun_chunks() to match Spacy’s API

  • Changed extract functions to generators, rather than returning lists


  • Whitespace tokens now always filtered out of extract.words() lists

  • Some Py2/3 str/unicode issues fixed

  • Broken tests in no longer broken